Cold weather provides unique challenges to maintaining uptime at your oil and gas production site. Whether you live in Canada, a cold-weather state like North Dakota, or you only experience freezing temperatures during the winter months, freezing gas lines and control valves can have damaging effects on your production goals.
Check out these 5 tips on how to optimize production and prevent freezing when the weather gets cold.
1. Cover Exposed Skin
When working on site in the cold, make sure all exposed skin is covered from the elements. In addition to the appropriate PPE, make sure to dress in layers, wear gloves to protect your fingers, and cover your ears with a winter cap.
Cold-weather oil and gas production leads to increased risks for your hands. Fingers can quickly grow numb in the cold, which means you may cut yourself and not realize it.
Take regular breaks to sit in your truck with the heater on and warm your paws.
2. Point Breather Plugs Down (or Downwind)
When operating in cold weather, one of the biggest problems you’ll encounter is freezing fluid in your control valves and pressure regulators. Make sure the breather plugs on all of your back pressure regulators (and any other production equipment that uses breather plugs) is facing down.
To do this, put a wrench on the plug and turn it until the hole on the breather plug is facing the ground.
This simple step will prevent moisture from entering the control valve and freezing, which will cause control valve to fail.
If the breather plug is oriented horizontally, like it is on the Kimray High Pressure Control Valve, turn it away from the north wind so wind and rain don’t get in and cause freezing.
3. Specify Elastomers for Methanol Injection
Some oil and gas producers inject methanol into their gas stream to prevent freezing in their control valves and other production equipment.
Methanol is a very corrosive gas and can eat away certain types of elastomers. If you choose this route, make sure to specify the appropriate cold weather elastomers that are compatible with methanol gas.
4. Use a CATCO Heater
Another spot vulnerable to freezing is your control valve body.
As an example, say you have a compressed natural gas (CNG) application. You need to take gas from a large storage tank under extremely high pressure—say 4,000 psi—and cut it down to 200 psi in order to be used at a CNG fueling station.
Due to the JT Effect, valves carrying out a pressure cut that large will be susceptible to freezing, especially when it’s cold outside.
To prevent freezing, some operators use heat tape wrapped around insulation. The problem with this method comes when you need to repair the valve.
You have to cut the tape and insulation away to get access to the valve, and then replace it when you are finished.
A good alternative to this option is using a Catco Heater.
This heater uses supply gas to provide a flameless heat that keeps the valve warm, and it features a hinge door with two clips on the top to provide easy access for maintenance or repair.
5. Remove Slack in Gas Tubing
One other spot you may encounter freezing is in your tubing lines. If you are setting up a treater valve, you may buy a length of tubing, hook it up to the valve, and then run it to the top of your heater treater without regard for slack in the line.
Extra slack creates low spots in the line, where liquids can and will collect. If you operate in warmer climates or only in the summertime, this may not be an issue. But in cold weather these liquids will freeze.
This means your valve will fail because it’s not receiving the appropriate level of supply gas.
To prevent this, to make sure all tubing is running downhill and no parts of the line are sloped at ninety degrees or more.
Oil and gas production can be tougher in extreme cold weather. Put these winter production tips into practice, and you’ll prevent frozen valves and maximize up time at your production site.